Promotes self-esteem and positive identity which studies have shown foster a greater interest in learning and higher academic achievement among African American students.
The failure to accurately tell the stories of African American achievements and the crucial contributions made by African Americans to the building of America is a substantial factor in sterotyping, prejudice, intolerance, and racism, and enables the spread and effectiveness of white supremacy propaganda.
Blacks and whites both made enormous sacrifices and contributions to help build this nation, we can America. Learning this true history promotes a sense of pride and accomplishment forging a connection to our common roots that heals and binds us together in a common cause for understanding, fairness and equality.
Since the fifteenth century, ethnocentrism (belief in the superiority of your own ethnic group), and xenophobia (extreme dislike or fear of foreigners) have characterized, constructed, and conditioned the European attitude towards African communities. As such, in the spirit of Eurocentrism, the African community could not and cannot be integrated as a social equal. Eurocentric exclusiveness and its striving for global dominance left no place for the African except bondage, slavery and second-class citizenship. Eurocentric doctrine does not accept Africans based on their humanitarian virtues because of their skin color.
The point of focus here is that mere survival forced Europeans to adopt this offensive geopolitical strategy; in other words, Europe had to formulate a reverse intellectual conflict plan to show that certainly they were exceptional and better than the Africans who were inferior. It is also important to understand that a predominant mode of operation of imperialism (colonialism) was to associate Eurocentrism (Western-centrism) “with ingrained qualities of excellence in intelligence, beauty and the right to rule other races. Its reverse impact on the African continent was to demean his physical subordination and color that had been thrusted by force came to be associated with the (African’s) inherited qualities” (Magubane, 1989, p. 33). This mission was accomplished through poor education or wrong education of the African community and the fabrication or distortion of his history. As Kwame Ture (1975) once warned: “If you don’t know who you are, you would not know what your interests are.” A people without a sense of history are not well equipped to visualize and plan a future because of an unclear and forged/falsified picture of their past. A people without the knowledge of “having done” will have too much difficulty acknowledging the motivation of “can do. “Or as the slain Pan-African nationalist Malcolm X (1963) put it in a speech delivered November 10, 1963, in Detroit.
A full and accurate account of American history which fully includes the experiences sacrifices, contributions of African Americans while honest about the cruel inhuman treatment they received from those whites whose sole motivations were greed. At the same time, it’s important to emphasize that most white Americans were opposed to shackle slavery, violence and the harsh mistreatment of blacks.
According to Mamer, the history of African Americans dealt with the fact that people felt that Africans should be quiet and educate themselves, leaving the civic rights and other political goals for the whites (Mamer, 2013). This of course, was where African Americans made some of their biggest contributions, by fighting both racially and politically, allowing Africans to share their voice and to not remain quiet. Throughout this fight, they were able to find their identity and work through conflicting social situations that caused there to have an identity struggle.
The African American experience might be appreciated for what it has always been, a commentary on the American experience, making it more difficult to ignore the national contradictions in favor of oversimplified slogans that sometimes pass for national history. This will surely be a more troubling history for most Americans, but it will ultimately be more useful, providing the historical context for contemporary conversations on the nation’s most difficult and pressing problems.
It is essentially important for the positive growth and development of young children that they have a sense of identity that gives them pride in who they are. Becoming confident successful adults, begins with the constructive growth of self-esteem as children.
In the study, Swanson, Cunningham, Youngblood II and Spencer asked two questions: how are racial attitudes shaped and what mechanisms and factors contribute to these processes? They found that by teaching young children about their race, they can grow up to understand and accept themselves and the other races around them in an equal fashion, without prejudice. And they also found that by teaching history and self-appraisal in school at a young age can help them to understand and balance social assumptions with biases to understand the concept of self (Swanson, Cunningham, Youngblood II and Spencer, 2009).
According to Stefan McDonald, 2007, according to Stefan, 2007, it is important that African American students defy this idea of defeatism and find self-empowerment. Knowledge of their history, which was taken from them during salary, must be made available, as this knowledge sets the framework for a positive self-image and identity, and teaches them they can achieve and overcome adversity as their ancestors before them.
Learning history, teaches about behavior and events of the past, which helps to avoid past mistakes.