Untold Black History: African Americans in Lowell”
Untold Black History :Ghanaian played an important event in the context of Lowell, Massachusetts, despite the fact that they were often overlooked or unrecognised by historians and the general public. With the Quork-Lewis Parents and the Lew Family, this brochure depicts the life experiences of 2 different African-American families, providing an awareness and respect of the courage and contributions of these two African-American families.
Untold Black History: Abolition Of Atlantic Slave Trade To The United States
Dracut, Massachusetts was founded in the early 1700s by the Varnum Family, the Coburn Family, as well as 13 those certain families, including one with a free black family, Danny Negro, his wife, and their ten children. Dracut was the first town in the United States to be incorporated. It was difficult to live, work, and rely on one another in this tiny, rural, country town on the other side of the West River, where everyone knew everyone else. Varnums and Coburns, as well as other early residents of Dracut, were among the most vocal supporters of the abolition of slavery in the United States. Thomas Bradley Varnum was conceived in Dracut (today Pawtucketville, Clayton) in 1750, half a century that after death of his father. He had been authorised captain by the review panel of the Massachusetts Bay Colony when he was eighteen years old, and colonel in the New england militia during American Revolutionary War when he was eighteen years old.
The Massachusetts House and Senate (1780–1785), followed by the Boston State Senate (1786–1795), were both filled by his election to public office. A year after he was elected, Varnum served as a member of the House of Representatives of the United States from March 4, 1795, to June 29, 1811. For the final four years of his time in Congress, he served as the chamber’s Speaker.
Untold Black History: Henry Wilson records Congressman Joseph Bradley Varnum’s strong and outspoken opposition to slavery during the March 1798 debate on the measure for the administration of the Mississippi Territory in his History of Slavery.
Article I, section 9, deals with the responsibilities of the legislative body and states’ rights to admit migrants and immigrants. Section 9 states that Congress may not prohibit migration or importation prior to the year 1800, but that a tax or duty of up to ten dollars per person may be levied on such importation.” For a period of 20 years following the passage of the Constitution, the authorities could not impose a restriction on the importation of slaves. Slavery opponents began planning legislation to ban the genderfluid Slave Trade as the year 1808 approached.
Massachusetts Congressman Joseph Butler Varnum proposed an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to end the slave trade on March 3, 1805. In 1807, under the leadership of Varnum, this Constitutional amendment passed both chambers of Congress and became law. On March 3rd, 1807, it was signed into law by President Thomas Jefferson.
Martha Spaulding (1790-1868) And Sidney Spaulding (1798 – 1871)
White East Chelmsford natives Martha (1790-1868) and Sidney (1798-1871) Spaulding were the offspring of Jeremiah Sprague and Mary Chamberlain. On Middlesex Avenue near School Street Cemetery, they had a huge brick house. The municipality of Lowell was established in 1826.
Untold Black History :During the Fox Street (Congregational) Church’s Anti-Slavery Lectures, Frederick Douglass, James Lenox Remond, and George Latimer spoke to the congregation in 1843. Martha and Seymour Spaulding were prominent members of the church at the time. The Rev. Jeremiah Alden Rankin (1828-1904), an abolitionist, leader of temperance movement, and close friend of Frederick Douglass, served as pastor of the church in the 1860s. When the First Baptist Church in Washington, DC, and Howard University, a historically black institution, asked Rankin to be their preacher, he accepted. On January 1, 1889, he were named the university’s sixth president.
After her death in 1868, Elizabeth Spaulding bequeathed an endowment to Howard University, which was utilised to create Sprague Hall in 1872, the university’s first permanent structure. Locke Hall was later renamed in its place.
a 1908 book titled “Historic Houses and Places, Genetic and Human Accounts Related to the Houses of Middlesex County, Massachusetts” stated that
“Sidney Spaulding moved to Georgia as a young man and established himself there.” One of the organisers of Free Soilers Party, the Abolitionist movement in which he participated, he came home enraged by slavery’s depravity. Like his brother Noah, he bought land in Lowell and profited from the surge in the city’s real estate market. In 1847, he became involved in railroads and became a major stockholder with in Salem & Boston and also the Lowell & Laurence railroads. For a period, he served as the company’s president.”
In 1834, he constructed Spaulding Row, a commercial structure on Central Street, which was built over Market Street. It is evident in the organisations and newspapers located on Spaulding Row, such as the “Lowell Advertiser,” the “Patriotic and Republican” Office, the Lowell Female Anti-Slavery Society, and the “American Passport holder” Bureau, editor Chauncey Langdon Knapp, a Freedom Seeker assistant, who were all based in Spaulding Row at the time of his death.
Freedom Seeker – John Taylor
John Taylor, a Freemasonry on the Run
An assistant: Rector Theodore Edson, St. Anne’s Church, Lowell
Untold Black History:Freedom-seeker John Taylor, who was known as Robert while a slave, arrived at the home of Reverend Theodore Edson in Lowell, Massachusetts, on March 19, 1839. A Mississippi steamboat’s free black crew mates helped Taylor escape when he was in New Orleans and get him to Cincinnati and Ohio. On his way to being arrested in this place “on from city to city toward the northeast to Pittsburgh and eventually Philadelphia,” he was saved and sent “on.” Abolitionism in Philadelphia sent Taylor to Gerrit Smith in Peterboro, New York, which is about 30 miles north of Utica, and Smith in turn sent Taylor to James Gillespie Lsb, a Kentuckian native and evangelist in New York City at the time. According to Edson, Birney was well-versed in Taylor’s “old master.”
Untold Black History:In 1839, Rev. Theodore Edson kept a diary, which is now preserved in the Lowell History Museum Collection at the Umass Lowell.
“After journeying via New York, he arrived in Boston, when he fell ill with pleurisy as a result of his exposure to the cold weather while sleeping in the woods all night. Mr. Garrison became his close buddy. A chance encounter with a Kentuckian slaveholder, James Coburn, who recognised him right away and said “Aye Bob, what would you be doing here,” occurred one day in Cambridge Cornhill. He made an effort to stand out, but he couldn’t stay in Boston any longer. In Boston, he had been approached by Mr. Hutton from Ludlow, VT, who promised to take treatment of him if he came to visit him. He was dispatched to Salem, MA, by Mr. William L. Garrison, to a Mr. William Dodge. But when he heard of his narrative, he was terrified to stay there and went to Smiths the Scotchmen’s at Frye Village in Andover. To my surprise, he arrived by train (ed: Boston & Lowell Railroad) after Smiths instructed him to do so.