African American History Literature :Today, African-American literature has become accepted as an integral part of American literature, with books such as Roots: The Saga of an American Family by Alex Haley, The Color Purple (1982) by Alice Walker, which won the Pulitzer Prize;
How can we even begin to present a concise history of African American literature, which has a vast and tumultuous history? The first publicly available works of African American literature were around 1800, while the United States was still in its infancy and newly recognized citizens, with clearly defined liberties, owned slaves. Slave narratives are a genre of writing that has developed as a result of slavery’s effects. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jim Crow laws resulted in significant discrimination and violence in the South, yet Southern novelists continued to produce some of the most remarkable works of fiction in our collective history.
Slave Narratives In The 18th And 19th Centuries:
Many slave narratives were used as evidence to support the abolitionist African American History Literature cause as it gained traction in the United States. There are many notable examples, such as Frederick Douglass’s autobiography, Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass (1845). Historians believe the book may have sold as many as 30,000 copies in the decades leading up to the Civil War.
During the outbreak of the American Civil War, Occurrences in the Life of a Slave Girl, another notable slave story, was made available to the general public (1861). Harriet Jacobs had to use an anonymous author in order to present the gender-based oppression she suffered as a slave. The original serialized version of the material was first published in a New York newspaper about African American History Literature
Early Twentieth Century:
A break from the brutality of racism that dominated the years leading up to and during the Civil War was provided by Reconstruction. The emergence of Jim Crow laws in the American South, on the other hand, soon dimmed aspirations for a more equal future. Both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois published key writings on the future of Black writers in the United States, offering distinct theoretical viewpoints on the future of Black writers in the United States. It was just a matter of time until Washington’s Up From Slavery and DuBois’s Souls of Black Folk became classic works in the history of African American thought.
Poems by Whitman that deal with early civil rights and racial prejudice are among of his most known. “If We Must Die,” written by McKay in 1917, was a game-changer in terms of how the country spoke about the enduring violence of Jim Crow America.
If we must die—let it not be like hogs/ Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,/ While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,/ Making their mock at our accursed lot./ If we must die—oh, let us noble die,/ So that our previous blood may not be shed/ In vain
Civil Rights Movement Era:
The migration of African Americans from Africa began during World War I and peaked during World War II. As African Americans fled the South to the north, where they found work in factories and other areas of the economy, as part of the Great Migration in the United States, Photographs of Richard Wright by Carl Van Vechten were taken in 1939.
As a result of this migration, the black community gained a newfound sense of self-determination, which helped fuel the burgeoning urban culture of the Harlem Renaissance. Migration also fueled the Civil Rights Movement in the 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s, which had a profound effect on black writers. Authors, like activists, were working to eradicate segregation and racism, as well as create a new sense of black nationalism via their works. [required citation]
James Baldwin was among the first authors to do so, whose work dealt with race and sexuality. Baldwin, who is best known for his work, Go Tell It on the Mountain, penned personal stories and essays while investigating what it was like to be both black and gay at a time when neither of these characteristics were recognized by American culture. The author of nearly 20 books, including classics like Another Country and The Fire Next Time, Baldwin’s body of work is extensive.
In the 1970s, African American books about and written by African-Americans topped the bestseller lists. For example, Alex Haley’s Roots: The Saga of an American Family was among the first to achieve this. It was a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel and a successful television miniseries that romanticized Haley’s family history, beginning with his ancestor Kunta Kinte’s capture in Gambia and ending with his enslavement in the United States. Haley also wrote Malcolm X’s Autobiography in 1965.
Gayl Jones, Ishmael Randall Kenan, Reed, Rasheed Clark, Jamaica Kincaid, and John Edgar Wideman are some of the other notable literary fiction writers of recent years. The work of African American poets has also drawn recognition.
Even poets who aren’t as well-known, like Thylias Moss, have been lauded for their inventiveness. Among the notable black playwrights are Ntozake Shange, Ed Bullins, Suzan-Lori Parks, and August Wilson, who has received two Pulitzer Prizes for his plays, as well as numerous other honours. This year’s Pulitzer Prize for Fiction went to Edward P. Jones’s book about an African American slaveholder in the pre-Civil War era.
Conclusion: African American History Literature
African American History Literature: A majority of those working in American literary publishing and translation have long been described as white. A number of notable works by black authors, including Frederick Douglass’ Narrative of His Life, Solomon Northrup’s Twelve Years a Slave, and W. E. B. Du Bois’ The Souls of Black Folk, have been translated into many different languages.
There were thousands of novels, short tales, and poems created by white authors that received equal or higher acclaim for each of these literary works. In addition, a number of non-English-speaking white authors’ works were translated into English for the first time. In the United States, several of their works have become well known. It demonstrates that there is a significant void in the body of literature available to readers in the United States. This problem makes white people more ignorant about race, which makes the problem of racial discrimination worse.